Archival Adventures in Small Repositories
German American Genealogy Resources
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania's collections include a large number of resources that relate to German-speaking immigrants in Philadelphia and beyond, dating from the earliest colonists into the twentieth century. Resources include published materials, manuscript collections, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, and other graphics.
To learn more about the Society's holdings, search our online catalog for "German", "Germanic" or "Germany". You should also search for family names, town or territory names, or other locations and landmarks that may provide insights into your family history. Keep in mind that some materials may be in German only. Also remember that some German words can be Anglicized in different ways; you may want to search for alternate spellings.
Descriptions of all manuscript collections are available in that online catalog, and many collections have finding aids online or at HSP that provide more information. Visitors to HSP's library should also look for names and other terms of interest in our manuscripts card catalog, known as PC1 (and not available online), which serves as a name index for many manuscript items. Collections from the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, which merged with HSP in 2002, are also described in this online manuscript guide.
Note that some immigration and other types of records are now available online. HSP offers visitors to our library free access to AncestryInstitution.com; FamilySearch.org is free for all users. See an HSP Reference Librarian for further assistance using these online resources in the library.
German Americans are the largest ancestral group in the U.S., according to FamilySearch.org. But it may be more accurate to call this group "German speaking;" some of these "German" immigrants came from Austria, Switzerland, France, Poland, Russia, and beyond. In fact, no strong unified Germany existed until 1871. The country's borders changed again in the twentieth century after each world war. Family historians researching their German roots will need to keep these changing borders in mind as they research their origins.
For a general overview of how to begin your German family history project, check out:
Chris Anderson, A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your Germanic Ancestors (call number REF E 184 .G3 A49 2000)
Angus Baxtor, In Search of Your German Roots (call number CS 614.B39 1994)
Clifford Neal Smith, Encyclopedia of German-American Genealogical Research (call number REF E 184.G3 S66 1976)
George K. Sweitzer, German Genealogical Research (call number REF E 184 .G5 S348 2003)
You may also be interested in the German genealogy resources on GermanRoots.com and Genealogy.net, which bills itself as the "German genealogy Internet portal." FamilySearch.org also offers a Germany section on its genealogy research wiki.
Published Sources and Periodicals
HSP has a variety of published resources about German American immigrants, including church records, passenger lists, newspapers, periodicals, and more. For a more detailed list of German serials in HSP's Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies collection, see the "German" section of the Balch Manuscript Guide. Keep in mind that some materials, especially newspapers, may be in German.
Researchers may also want to search HSP's online catalog for the name of the church where their ancestor worshipped, the town or county where they settled in the U.S., or even the territory where their ancestor originated, such as "Baden", "Palatinate", or "Wurttemberg". Other highlights from HSP's collection include:
Brigitte Burkett, Emigrants from Baden and Wurttemberg in the Eighteenth Century (call number REF E184.G3 B89 1996)
Ira A. Glazier and P. William Filby, editors, Germans to America: Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports (call number REF G 184 .G3 G38 1988)
Roger P. Minert, Deciphering Handwriting in German Documents (call number REF Z 115.G4 M56 2001)
Trudy Schenk, The Wuerttemberg Emigration Index (call number CS 627 .W86 S34 1986)
Clifford Neal Smith, From Bremen to America in 1850: Fourteen Rare Emigrant Ship Lists (call number REF E 184.G3 S663 1987)
Kenneth L. Smith, German Church Books: Beyond the Basics (call number REF CS 614.S64 1989)
Don Yoder, Rhineland Emigrants: Lists of German Settlers in Colonial America (call number REF E 184 .G3 R44 1981)
HSP's manuscript collections help to document the experiences of German Americans in Philadelphia and beyond. Highlights from our collections include:
The Bergdoll family papers (collection MSS021) and photographs (collection PG118), dating from 1910 to 1974, include legal documents, financial papers, newspaper clippings, photographs, and other materials related to this prominent Philadelphia German family who operated the Bergdoll and Sons Brewing Co. The bulk of the collection relates to Grover Cleveland Bergdoll (1893-1966), particularly his youthful experience as a race car driver, his trial and imprisonment for evading the draft during World War I, and the settlement of his estate.
The Cannstatter Volksfest-Verein of Philadelphia records (collection MSS128) focuses on this German-American benevolent society founded in 1873 by a group of local businessmen. From its inception, the group aimed to uphold German culture, sociability, and charity through a yearly festival in the tradition of the annual harvest festival at Schwabian Spa in Bad Cannstatt, Germany. The collection is composed primarily of entertainment committee and director's meeting minutes, membership lists, and miscellaneous printed items.
The Abraham H. Cassel collection (collection 1610) contains printed material from the library of Abraham Harley Cassel, a book collector and historian who acquired over 50,000 books, pamphlets, and documents about early Pennsylvania history. Cassel was a member of the Dunkard Brethren who wrote about and collected books on early Pennsylvania German religious history. His library attracted scholars and historians of Pennsylvania and German American history, and at his death was divided among archives, libraries, and private collectors. The portion of Cassel's collection that is housed at HSP contains forty-seven items which date from 1680 to 1893, including hymn books, religious tracts and catechism, diaries, letters, genealogical records, and examples of Pennsylvania German folk art and fraktur.
The National Carl Schurz Association collection on Carl Schurz (collection MSS079) contains a variety of materials related to this prominent German immigrant. After immigrating to the U.S. in 1852, Schurz served as American minister to Spain in 1861-1862, as a general in the Union Army from 1862-1865, was elected to the U.S. Senate from Missouri in 1868, and served as U.S. Secretary of the Interior in 1877-1881.
The National Carl Schurz Association (collection MSS167) was founded in 1930 to "foster American-German friendship and cultural exchange." Its records include administrative files, correspondence, minutes, financial records, materials from affiliated teachers' associations, scrapbooks, and more.
The Francis Daniel Pastorius papers (collection 475) provide insight into the founder of the settlement of Germantown, which would later be incorporated into Philadelphia. Trained as a lawyer, Pastorius in 1683 purchased land in Pennsylvania on behalf of members of the German Frankfort Company. He is also known for his anti-slavery stance, joining the Pennsylvania Quakers in signing a protest against slavery in 1688 (the first anti-slavery document written in the United States).
HSP has four collections related to the Philadelphia Gazette Publishing Company, which published the principle German language newspapers of Philadelphia: Philadelphia Gazette-Demokrat; Philadelphia Sonntags-Gazette; Philadelphia Tageblatt, 1933-1944; and the Philadelphia Sonntagsblatt. The bulk of the collection materials are financial records of the company, but researchers will also find correspondence and other miscellaneous documents.
The Turnverein movement was founded in Germany in 1811, and the first American Turnverein was founded in 1848. As the American Turnerbund, this popular gymnastic and cultural organization spread to all of the major cities in the country. HSP's collection includes records of the Roxborough Turners (collection 3056), based in this neighborhood of Philadelphia, and the American Turners, Wilmington (collection MSS172) from Delaware.
The United Singers of Philadelphia (collection 3524) were an umbrella organization that represented approximately forty area singing groups, the majority of which were comprised of German immigrants. This collection dates from 1887-1932, although the bulk of the material is from 1905-1916. It includes a scrapbook compiled by the United Singers of Philadelphia, a German songbook, and a panoramic group photograph.
Now defunct, the Volksverein of Philadelphia (collection 3530) was a local unit of the Catholic Central Union of America, which is a national Catholic social action and social welfare organization. The collection contains minutes of the meetings of the Volksverein, and job, financial and subscription records of the organization's official organs, Philadelphia Volksblatt and Nord Amerika.
This guide was made possible by support from the Connelly Foundation.