This unit examines the struggle women endured economically, politically, and socially in the United States during the nineteenth and twentieth century. Through the analysis of the Hucksters' Petition, National Woman Suffrage Association's Constitution, and the Equal Rights Amendment brochure, students will understand the struggle women encountered in their fight to obtain economic and political rights.
The Women Hucksters' Petition is an early attempt for poor workingwomen to gain economic and social recognition in the markets of Philadelphia. The petition sought redress through the political process; this tradition would be followed by other groups trying to gain voting rights and, ultimately, full equality.
The Constitution of the National Woman Suffrage Association clarifies the aims and membership requirements women must fulfill in order to join. The Constitution demands state and national voting rights for women, as well as the organizational leadership of its president, Susan B. Anthony, and vice presidents such as Lucretia Mott.
The Equal Rights Amendment brochure, in a similar fashion to the National Woman Suffrage Association Constitution, clarifies this position against rumors and misconceptions. The ERA brochure further reassures Americans of the benefits society would gain through successfully passing this amendment. The amendment was backed by both political parties and several American presidents.
After carefully reading the three documents, students should have an understanding of the constant conflict these organizations encountered in their struggle for equality.