Journal C of Station No. 2, William Still, 1855, 19

(2)                         Dec. 2/55
Arrived_  Thos. Jervis Guesberry[1] and Wm Thos. Freeman[2]_ (now Eezfiel Chambers_) left Chestertown, Md., in Company with 9 others_ came in a carriage to Wilmington &c. and thus safely arrived.  Thos. is about 17 yr’s of age, stamers in his Speech, is quite dark in complexion and pretty active  He had been owned by Sarah Maria Perkins, of Chestertown, who was tolerably kind to her servants, but she hired them out to a man who treated them cruelly.  To escape bad treatment therefore they fled.  Thos. left his Farther Thos. Guseberry, and 3 sisters_ Julia Ann and Mary Ellen and Katlen Bright.  They are Slaves.
       Ezekiel is about 16 yr’s of age_ chesnut color, nice looking, smart and intelligent and well grown of his age.  He left because he was “treated pretty bad by his Mistress_  He was owned by John Dwa, Farmer, and a hard drinker and very abuseful when intoxicated_  Ezekiel had a Mother but he had [not] had the priviledge of seeing her for a long time_  she lived in Baltimore, and is known by the name of Darkus Denby  Ezekiel left no Brothers or sisters.

 (1)                        Dec. 6/55
Arrived_ Henry Hooper[3], age about 19 yr’s, arrived safely from Md and was duly forwarded

(3)     Dec. 8th  Arrived_  Henry Thomas[4] (old name Jacob Hall) and wife, Henrietta[5], and their child came from Ladies Manor Md.    Henry had belonged to Major Wm Hutchins, Farmer, & Commissioner, & Drunkard_ withal a hard master, especially when under the influence of liquor.  Henry’s desires to work for himself, prompted him to leave.  He is about 24 yr’s of age, Chesnut color, medium size and of ordinary intelligence for one of his class
       Henrietta had been owned by Sarah Ann McGough_ whom though was an uncommonly hard woman.  She could not be pleased, however much he[r] servant tried to do so.  She also drank which made her worse.  She had sold a Bro. & sister of Henrietta’s, and had taken steps for the sale of H. herself, by having her praised  Consequently, as her mother had many years before, escaped to Canada, She thought she would go also_  so the husband & wife with their child not wishing to walk all the way took a hore a piec[6] and road one night, and afterward took other conveyances on the U.G.R.

                             Dec. 10/55
(2)
Arrived_ Two men[7] from near Chester town, md. came to Wilmington in a one hose wagon_ and through the aid of T. G.[8] was sent on.  (The account taken on a lose piece of paper has been accidently lost.)

 (1)                        Dec. 13/55
Arrived_ Fenton Jones[9] arrived from Fredrick, md.  Stopped awhile with Soloman Lukins near Ercildown.

(1)                         Dec. 19.
Arrived_ Mary Curtis[10] arrived from Md. (Baltimore), was induced to escape to keep from being Sold.  She is about 19 yr’s of age  small size, dark complexion &c.


[1] Thomas Jervis Gooseberry escaped with Harriet Shepherd (see pp. 220-21 above) in the carriage she had taken from her master’s home.  Upon the urgent directives of the Quaker conductor, Thomas Garrett, Thomas separated from her in Wilmington and took a different route to Philadelphia.  Still, Underground Rail Road, 302-03, 339-40.

[2] William Thomas Freeman accompanied Thomas Jervis Gooseberry and Harriet Shepherd on their flight from slavery in Chestertown, Maryland.  The Vigilance Committee sought to impress the young William and Thomas “with right ideas as to how they should walk in life…and sent them off with a double share of advice.”  Still, Underground Rail Road, 302-03, 339-40.

[3] William Still believed that he had written down more notes about the life of Henry Hooper, but that the sheet containing the information had likely been lost.  Still, Underground Rail Road, 340.

[4] Jacob Hall is the name William Still used for this individual.  He was dedicated to freedom and self-employment and would not leave without his wife and young child.  He fled from Ladies’ Manor, Maryland.  Although they had to pass through unknown and dangerous terrain, the horses they rode for the first night and the friends they found along the way proved invaluable in their reaching Philadelphia.  They planned to travel to Canada.  Still, Underground Rail Road, 340-41.

[5] Henrietta also concluded that there was no way to improve her condition short of escape.  She fled with her husband, Jacob Hall, and young child from Ladies’ Manor, Maryland.  Friends and advisors along the way delivered them safely to the Vigilance Committee.  Still, Underground Rail Road, 340-41.

[6] Might be rendered as “horse a piece,” a reference to horses they took to aid their flight.

[7] William Still noted the arrival of these two men in his book, but had no further information on them.  Still, Underground Rail Road, 341.

[8] Thomas Garrett (1789-1871).  A Quaker who resided in Wilmington, Delaware, Garrett had been an ardent abolitionist throughout his life and was an unrelenting conductor on the underground railroad.  He regularly coordinated his activities with the Vigilance Committee in Philadelphia and pointed fleeing fugitives to them and their representatives.  In 1848, he was convicted of aiding fugitives and the penalty bankrupted him.  But within a short time, his iron tool workshop was restored and he had regained his solvency.  Garrett was also an ardent proponent of women’s rights and was active in their conventions in the 1850s and ‘60s.

[9] After fleeing slavery in Frederick, Maryland, Fenton Jones stopped in Ercildoun, Pennsylvania, to work for Solomon Lukins.  He soon apprehended danger and was advised to go promptly to the Vigilance Committee in Philadelphia.  Fenton was then “dispatched forthwith to Canada.”  Still, Underground Rail Road, 341.

[10] William Still briefly mentioned Mary Curtis in Still, Underground Rail Road, 341.

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