HSP is proud to join more than 2,000 museums across America to offer free admission to military personnel and their families this summer in collaboration with the National Endowment for the Arts, Blue Star Families, and the Department of Defense.
Blue Star Museums, a collaboration among the National Endowment for the Arts, Blue Star Families, the Department of Defense, and more than 2,000 museums across America to offer free admission to the nation’s active duty military personnel including National Guard and Reserve and their families from Memorial Day through Labor Day 2016.
PHILADELPHIA, PA – In 1972, Dr. John Fryer dons an oversize tuxedo and rubber joke shop mask to become Dr. Henry Anonymous and confront the American Psychiatric Association with these words: “I am a homosexual, I am a psychiatrist.” Obie Award-winning writer and director Ain Gordon explores Fryer’s story in his new play, 217 Boxes of Dr. Henry Anonymous, running May 5 – 7 at the Painted Bride Art Center.
The second in a new series, the following article was written by HSP Digital Services Intern Mark Carnesi and is being posted on his behalf. Stay tuned in the coming weeks as Mark continues his look at the George A. Foreman scrapbook collection. Read part one here.
The first post in this series introduced the George A. Foreman scrapbooks on the Philadelphia Transportation Company [#3267] and gave a brief overview of the contents of this fascinating collection. Let’s now take a closer look at an important aspect of the collection: the many women who worked at the Philadelphia Transportation Company (PTC) in the 1940s and are depicted in the collection.
One thing that is evident in viewing the photographs and annotations in the collection is the vast majority of these women were in secretarial or administrative positions, including clerks, typists, stenographers, and office assistants. At the same time, a common PTC role for women in the 1940s was to work as either an elevated or subway cashier. A number of these women are depicted in the collection, including Emily Rinnert, the subject of a 1941 Public Ledger article entitled “Furious Tempo of Passing Throng Leaves Miss Emily R. Unruffled.” In it, Ms. Rinnert talks about her experiences over the course of 29 years as a cashier on the Market Street El, although the author of the article seems most interested in the number of marriage proposals she had received from customers. One gets the sense the author’s questions also left Ms. Rinnert unruffled, as she states “I always told them I had work to do. And so I did.”
Other women depicted in the collection include PTC nurses as well as waitresses at The Tasty Inn, the lunch counter and soda fountain at the 69th Street Terminal, where one could buy an ice cream sundae for just 15 cents. Foreman makes a point of noting the friendly and pleasant service he always received from the waitresses who worked there.
However, without question the woman who receives the most attention in the collection is Dorothy E. Williams, who was mentioned in the first post in this series. Ms. Williams was, as noted in a 1943 article in the Evening Bulletin, the “first woman El motorman in the history of the Philadelphia Transportation Company.” A former grocery store clerk, Ms. Williams was 23 when she joined the PTC in 1943, first as a platform guard and then as a motorwoman. Mr. Foreman apparently knew her well and pays her a high compliment in his notes when he states she was “a quiet, efficient operator with a splendid record.”
1972: Dr. John Fryer dons an oversize tuxedo and rubber joke shop mask to become Dr. Henry Anonymous and confront the American Psychiatric Association with these words: “I am a homosexual, I am a psychiatrist.”
Running May 5-7, 2016, at the Painted Bride Art Center, 217 Boxes of Dr. Henry Anonymous unearths three figures from Fryer's life; asking each to draw a portrait of the man behind the mask.
On April 27, join HSP and author Cokie Roberts to discuss her new book, Capital Dames: The Civil War and the Women of Washington, 1848-1868, as she explores the wives, sisters, and female friends of the men leading America into, and through, the Civil War.
As a result of the conflict, these “belles” of Washington society blossomed into suffragists, journalists, social activists, and philanthropists, engaging with the issues of the day on their own terms and transforming a sleepy Southern city into a place of power and action.
This spring, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania in partnership with professional genealogist Sydney F. Cruice Dixon will hostFoundations of Genealogy: Getting Started and Doing It Right the First Time, an 8-week course for family historians and genealogists seeking to become more effective and efficient researchers.
Beginning in 2015, HSP’s Digital Services staff have created several new databases for genealogists and family historians, making previously-inaccessible information available online for researchers. Called Encounters, this new digital resource is available to on-site researchers in HSP's Library, with remote access a benefit of membership to HSP.
The display highlights collection materials featured in Encounters, including items from the:
The first in a series, the following article was written by HSP Digital Services Intern Mark Carnesi and is being posted on his behalf. Stay tuned in the coming weeks as Mark continues his look at the George A. Foreman scrapbook collection.
Processing a collection here at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania can be a fascinating experience. As you work your way through the collection it gradually reveals itself to you, including the many gems it contains. The George A. Foreman scrapbooks on the Philadelphia Transportation Company [#3267] is clearly one of these collections.
Foreman (1881-1950) was a conductor, motorman, and depot dispatcher for the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company (PRT) and its successor, the Philadelphia Transportation Company (PTC), for a total of 37 years until his retirement in 1947. The bulk of the collection dates from the 1940s and consists of 18 small scrapbook albums that Mr. Foreman put together by hand. They include photographs of PTC coworkers, Philadelphia public transit scenes, holiday cards received over the years, as well as newspaper clippings, billboard advertisements, letters from coworkers serving in the military during WWII, postcards, and other ephemera.
The majority of the photographs were taken by a coworker who always seemed to have his camera at the right place and time. These fascinating and evocative photos shed light on so many things from the era. Among others, these include public transit, working conditions, social customs, men’s and women’s fashions, life during World War II, urban living, advertising and, of course, the growth and evolution of Philadelphia. As for the latter, many of the photos were taken from the Market-Frankford El and therefore provide a bird’s-eye view of the city, including its architecture, people at work and play, billboard advertisements, and flow of city life.
These photographs also show us what is not there or, better yet, there only in small numbers. For example, most of Foreman’s coworkers in the 1940s were, like him, male and white. However, it was at this time that the Philadelphia Transportation Company began to employ more women and minorities, and the collection reflects these changes within the PTC and society at large. One volume contains photos and newspaper clippings from The Evening Bulletin of Dorothy E. Williams, the “first woman El motorman in the history of the Philadelphia Transportation Company.”
As society changed, so did the PTC and other organizations like it, and this collection provides a unique window onto a very interesting, yet different, place and time.
In the 1970s, Temple University professor of psychiatry John Fryer urged doctors not to treat gays and lesbians as “sick.” This was not only the opinion of many Americans towards homosexuality, but the official viewpoint of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), which deemed homosexuality a mental illness, “curable” through lobotomy and electro-shock therapy.