Politics and Government

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For early political history, see the guide to the Creation of the Pennsylvania Commonwealth and the United States.

The Society holds papers of President James Buchanan, Vice President George Mifflin Dallas, Senators Joseph Sill Clark and Josiah Stoddard Johnston, and cabinet members Salmon P. Chase, Joel Roberts Poinsett, Wayne MacVeagh (MacVeagh Family Papers), William B. Wilson, and (on microfilm) Albert Gallatin and William Wirt. There are small but rich collections of correspondence of Congressman John Martin Broomall of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and Senator Pierce Butler of South Carolina.

Papers of other high federal officials in the collections include those of Assistant Treasury Secretary Tench Coxe (Coxe Family Papers) and United States Bank President Nicholas Biddle (Biddle Family Papers). The Francis Adrian Van der Kemp Collection and the papers of Thomas McKean, Charles Jared Ingersoll, Lewis S. Coryell, and Joseph Hopkinson (Hopkinson Family Papers, #1978) include correspondence with many 18th- or 19th-century national figures. Augustus James Pleasonton’s diary discusses numerous political events between 1838 and 1844. The World War II Collection documents the late 1930s debate over U.S. involvement in the war.

Although not a government repository, the Society has many government publications from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the City of Philadelphia, from the colonial period to the 20th century. Such publications include legislative proceedings, committee hearings, statutes, case law, executive documents, constitutional convention proceedings, and the reports of departments, offices, and commissions. The Hampton L. Carson Collection includes letters from Pennsylvania governors, judges, attorneys general, and others involved in the administration of law and justice. There are court dockets from justices of the peace in several Pennsylvania counties, include those of Joshua Barker, John Atkinson and George H. Rigby, and Henry Beader.

Philadelphia political history is documented through the papers of several mayors, among them James Hamilton, mayor 1745-1746 (several small collections); Alexander Henry, 1858-1865; Joseph Sill Clark, 1951-1956; and Richardson Dilworth, 1956-1962. Other notable collections include a City Council minute book, 1789-1793, and the papers of City Council member Constance Dallas, Judge Nelson Diaz, and Tsiwen Law of the Mayor’s Asian American Advisory Board.

The political debate over slavery is represented through the records of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society, the Vigilant Committee of Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania State Anti-Slavery Society; microfilm copies of the American Colonization Society and Maryland State Colonization Society records; and extensive pro- and anti-slavery printed materials.

Collections documenting the struggle for women’s rights include the papers of suffragists Caroline Katzenstein and Dora Kelly Lewis and the records of the Woman Suffrage Society, Woman Suffrage Party of Logan, and League of Women Voters of Philadelphia.

Labor movement-related collections include the records of the Philadelphia Typographical Union #2 and of the Workmen’s Circle Philadelphia District, the Ossip Walinsky Papers, and a microfilm copy of the Morris Hillquit Papers. There are also a number of labor movement newspapers, including Justice (and its Italian-language edition, Giustizia), Industrial Solidarity, Labor Leader, and National Labor Tribune.

Materials documenting socialist politics include the James J. Cleary Papers, the Forverts and Morning Freiheit newspapers, and microfilm copies of several collections, including records of the Socialist Labor Party and the Socialist Party, papers of Morris Hillquit and Darlington Hoopes, and newspapers such as Socialist Call, The Worker, The People, and Novyi Mir. The Philadelphia County Board of Assistance Papers document the firing of public employees for alleged communist affiliations.

Other political advocacy and reform initiatives are represented by the Indian Rights Association and Pennsylvania Prison Society records, and by the papers of Philadelphia Zionist leader Rose Bender, Japanese-American rights activist Sumiko Kobayashi, and African-American journalist/advocates James Samuel Stemons and Justine J. rector. The Herbert Welsh Papers document a leader of the Indian Rights Association who was active in a wide range of reform efforts. The Leonard Covello Papers include correspondence with New York City reform political leaders Vito Marcantonio and Fiorello LaGuardia. The Philadelphia Fellowship Commission Records document a pioneering civil rights group after World War II. The Thelma McDaniel Civil Rights Collection comprises pamphlets and flyers from a range of civil rights, Black nationalist, and leftist organizations. The papers of Minnesota Populist and novelist Ignatius Donnelly are available on microfilm.

Far-right politics are represented by Imperial Nighthawk, Kourier, and Social Justice magazines (all on microfilm) and by a number of Ku Klux Klan books and pamphlets, as well as government reports about the Klan.

The Dennis Clark Papers contain extensive materials on Irish-American responses to the political struggles in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Several collections document politics related to Central and Eastern Europe, from pre-World War I independence movements to ethnically based anti-Soviet campaigns after 1945. Among these materials are the papers of Edward Behuncik, Charles Belohlavek, and Vladimir Hurban; the records of the American Latvian Association in the United States, Baltic Women’s Council, and Polish National Alliance of the United States of North America; and numerous books, pamphlets, and serials.