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Pennsylvania Pride


LGBT history in Pennsylvania is deep-rooted and diverse, encompassing the experiences of elites, celebrities, and leaders in arts and politics as well as those of the poor and marginalized. This issue of Legacies explores a few episodes and individuals in Pennsylvania's past that shed light on this history.

Pennsylvania Pride: LGBT Histories of the Commonwealth

Table of Contents

Recognizing Our Supporters

Note from the Editor
Queering Pennsylvania History
by Rachel Moloshok

Window on the Collections
Unmasking "Dr. Anonymous" in the John Fryer Papers
by Ain Gordon and Beth A. Twiss Houting


The Queer History of Passing as a Man in Early Pennsylvania
by Jen Manion

Schoolgirl Smashes, David-and-Jonathan Relationships, and Champagne Friendships: Mining the Archive for LGBT History
by Cornelia S. King and Don James McLaughlin

Sitting In, Speaking Out: Pennsylvania's Revolutionary Homophile Movement
by Susan Ferentinos

Taking It to the Streets: AIDS, Race, and Protest in Philadelphia
by Dan Royles

Teachers' Turn
LGBT History: It's Time to Come Out
by Amy Cohen

Lives between the Lines: Finding LGBTQ Family History
by Thomas MacEntee


Legacies for Kids
by Christopher A. Brown

Book and Website Reviews
by Sarah Duda

Food for Thought
Building Bridges—and Communities
by Mark Segal

Back cover

For Further Reading

African American AIDS Activism Oral History Project,

American Civil Liberties Union, “Getting Rid of Sodomy Laws: History and Strategy That Led to the Lawrence Decision.”

Baker, Sheridan. “Henry Fielding’s the Female Husband: Fact and Fiction,” PMLA 74 (1959): 213–24.

“Bleeding Blue, White, and Rainbow in State College, PA: LGBTQ Life at Penn State.”

Bullough, Vern L., ed. Before Stonewall: Activists for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Historical Context. New York: Harrington Park Press, 2002.

Brier, Jennifer. Infectious Ideas: U.S. Political Responses to the AIDS Crisis. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Bronski, Michael. A Queer History of the United States. Boston: Beacon Press, 2011.

Carter, David. Stonewall: The Riots That Sparked the Gay Revolution. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2004.

Chambré, Susan M. Fighting for Our Lives: New York’s AIDS Community and the Politics of Disease. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006.

Crain, Caleb. American Sympathy: Men, Friendship, and Literature in the New Nation. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Devor, A. H. “Reed Erickson and the Erickson Educational Foundation.” Last modified September 18, 2013.

Eaklor, Vicki Lynn. Queer America: A GLBT History of the 20th Century. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008.

Eskridge, William N., Jr. Gaylaw: Challenging the Apartheid of the Closet. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Faderman, Lillian. The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.

Ferentinos, Susan. “Dewey’s Lunch Counter Sit-In.” Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia

———. Interpreting LGBT History at Museums and Historic Sites. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.

Folsom, Ed., and Kenneth M. Price, eds. The Walt Whitman Archive.

Gallo, Marcia M. Different Daughters: A History of the Daughters of Bilitis and the Rise of the Lesbian Rights Movement. New York: Seal Press, 2007.

Haggerty, Tim, and Harrison Apple, co-directors, Pittsburgh Queer History Project. Lucky after Dark: Pittsburgh’s Gay and Lesbian Social Clubs, 1960-1990. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Queer History Project, 2015.

Halperin, David M. How to Be Gay. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012.

Hogan, Kristen. The Feminist Bookstore Movement: Lesbian Antiracism and Feminist Accountability. Durham, NC: Duke University Press Books, 2016.

Kaplan, Justin. Walt Whitman: A Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1980.

King, Cornelia S., and Don James McLaughlin, curators. That’s So Gay: Outing Early America. Philadelphia: Library Company of Philadelphia, 2015.

Lee, Byron. “Tales of the Gayborhood: Mediating Philadelphia’s Gay Urban Spaces.” PhD diss., Temple University, 2014.

Levenson, Jacob. The Secret Epidemic: the Story of AIDS and Black America. New York: Pantheon, 2004.

Lobdell, Bambi L. “A Strange Sort of Being”: The Transgender Life of Lucy Ann/Joseph Israel Lobdell, 1829–1912. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2012.

Lyons, Clare A. “Mapping an Atlantic Sexual Culture: Homoeroticism in Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd. ser., vol. 60, no. 1, Sexuality in Early America (2003): 119–54.

Manion, Jen. Liberty's Prisoners: Carceral Culture in Early America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.

Mazina, Dina, and Rebecca DiBrienza. “Queer Awareness Groups at Bryn Mawr and Haverford Colleges.”

Merrill, Lisa. When Romeo Was a Woman: Charlotte Cushman and Her Circle of Female Spectators. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.

Morris, Roy. Declaring His Genius: Oscar Wilde in North America. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Nissley, Erin L. “NEPA Priest Started LGBT Church in the 1970s.” Scranton (PA) Times-Tribune, July 12, 2015.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. “Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission Hosts Program on Pennsylvania’s Pioneering Role in LGBT Rights.” PRNewswire, March 10, 2016,

Rivers, Daniel Winunwe. Radical Relations: Lesbian Mothers, Gay Fathers, and Their Children in the United States since World War II. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013.

Royles, Dan. “AIDS and AIDS Activism.” Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia,

———. “Civil Rights (LGBT).” Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia,

Segal, Mark. And Then I Danced: Traveling the Road to LGBT Equality. New York: Akashic Books, 2015.

Skiba, Bob. “Dewey’s Famous.” Philadelphia Gayborhood Guru, January 28, 2013,

———. The Philadelphia Gayborhood Guru (blog),

Smith, Raymond A., and Patricia D. Siplon. Drugs into Bodies: Global AIDS Treatment Activism. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006.

Stein, Marc. City of Sisterly and Brotherly Loves: Lesbian and Gay Philadelphia, 1945–1972. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

———. “Philadelphia LGBT History Project.”,

———. Rethinking the Gay and Lesbian Movement. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Stryker, Susan. Transgender History. Berkeley, CA: Seal Press, 2008.