Pennsylvanians in the Great War

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Pennsylvanians in the Great War


This issue of Legacies, timed to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the United States’ entry into the “Great War,” explores the diversity of Pennsylvanians involved in this global conflict and sheds light on the stories of those whose World War I experiences have been underexplored.


Front Matter

Recognizing Our Supporters

Note from the Editor:Pennsylvanian Experiences of World War I
by Rachel Moloshok

Window on the Collections: Of Charcoal and Cockpits: Images of the First World War
by Vincent Fraley

"Stirred Deep Down in Their Souls": Pennsylvania Immigrant Soldiers in World War I
by Nancy Gentile Ford

Horace Pippin: World War I Soldier, Narrator, and Artist
by Jeffrey T. Sammons and John H. Morrow Jr.

"Soldiers of the Soil": Wartime Gardening Programs of World War I
by Rose Hayden-Smith

"We cannot yield, we cannot compromise": The Experiences of Pennsylvanian and Other American Conscientious Objectors during World War I
by Anne M. Yoder

Teachers' Turn: Multiple Perspectives on World War I
by Jessica Tyson

Generations: Documenting Your World War I Ancestor at the Pennsylvania State Archives
by Jonathan R. Stayer and Richard C. Saylor

Legacies for Kids
by Christopher A. Brown

Book and Website Reviews
by Jessica Poe

Food for Thought: Remembering the First World War, 1914–18
by Barry Johnson

Back Matter

For Further Reading

Barbeau, Arthur E., and Florette Henri. The Unknown Soldiers: Black American Troops in World War I. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974.

Bennett, Scott H., and Charles F. Howlett, eds. Antiwar Dissent and Peace Activism in World War I America. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2014.

Bernier, Celeste-Marie. Suffering and Sunset: World War I in the Art and Life of Horace Pippin. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2015.

Downs, Jacob. “World War I.” In The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia, Rutgers University, 2014,

Evans, Martin Marix, ed. American Voices of World War I: Primary Source Documents, 1917–1920. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2001.

Ford, Nancy Gentile. Americans All! Foreign-born Soldiers in World War I. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2001.

Gavin, Lettie. American Women in World War I: They Also Served. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado, 1997.

Greater Philadelphia in the Great War: An Open-Access Microdata Project,

Hayden-Smith, Rose. Sowing the Seeds of Victory: American Gardening Programs of World War I. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2014.

Home Before the Leaves Fall: The Great War, 1914–1918,

Jensen, Kimberly. Mobilizing Minerva: American Women in the First World War. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

Kennedy, David M. Over Here: The First World War and American Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Kingsbury, Celia Malone. For Home and Country: World War I Propaganda on the Home Front. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2010.

Lewis, Audrey. Horace Pippin: The Way I See It. Chadds Ford, PA: Brandywine River Museum of Art, 2015.

Library of Congress. World War I: American Artists View the Great War,

Luebke, Frederick C. Bonds of Loyalty: German-Americans and World War I. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 1974.

Lynskey, Bill. “Reinventing the First Amendment in Wartime Philadelphia.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 131 (2007): 33–80.

National Museum of American History. Women in World War I,

National World War I Museum and Memorial. Make Way for Democracy! Google Cultural Institute exhibit,

Neiberg, Michael S. The Path to War: How the First World War Created Modern America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Pennsylvania World War I Centennial Commission. Pennsylvania in the First World War,

Richards, J. Stuart, ed. Pennsylvanian Voices of the Great War: Letters, Stories, and Oral Histories of World War I. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2002.

Sammons, Jeffrey T., and John H. Morrow Jr. Harlem’s Rattlers and the Great War: The Undaunted 369th Regiment and the African American Quest for Equality. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2014.

Soldiers of the Coalfields. West Virginia University, 2017,

Sterba, Christopher M. Good Americans: Italian and Jewish Immigrants during the First World War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

US National Archives. The US Food Administration, Women, and the Great War: The Pennsylvania Food Conservation Train, Google Cultural Institute exhibit,

Veterans History Project. Experiencing War: Stories from the Veterans History Project. Library of Congress, 2007,

Weiss, Elaine F. Fruits of Victory: The Woman’s Land Army of America in the Great War. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2009.

Williams, Chad L. “African Americans in WWI.” In Africana Age: African & African Diasporan Transformations in the 20th Century, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, 2011,

———. Torchbearers of Democracy: African American Soldiers in the World War I Era. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Williams, Peter John. Philadelphia: The World War I Years. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2013.

Yoder, Anne M. World War I Sources on Conscientious Objection in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection as of November 2016,